Prenatal Health — Commonly Used Medications

General medicine use during pregnancy

You should take a prenatal vitamin every day. Some women take an over-the-counter (OTC) vitamin, while others take a prescribed vitamin.

The OTC medications listed below are generally considered safe to use during pregnancy. While these suggested medications are permissible, you should inform your doctor of any drug you feel you will need over a long period of time.

Antacids

Laxatives

Nausea, Vomiting
or Motion Sickness

  • Gaviscon® (aluminum hydroxide, magnesium carbonate)
  • Maalox® tablets or Rolaids® or Titralac® or Tums® (calcium carbonate) Take less than 2,000 mg.
  • Maalox® Advanced Regular Strength Liquid or Mylanta® Regular Strength Classic Liquid (aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone)
  • Pepcid® AC (famotidine)
  • Zantac® (ranitidine)
  • Citrucel® or Unifiber® (methylcellulose)
  • Colace® (docusate sodium)
  • ex-lax® Maximum Strength Stimulant Laxative (sennosides) or Senokot® (senna)
  • Fiber caplets or FiberCon® (calcium polycarbophil)
  • Metamucil® (psyllium)
  • milk of magnesia (magnesium hydroxide)
  • mineral oil (one ounce) in juice
  • ClearLax®, MiraLAX® (polyethylene Glycol 3350)
  • Emetrol® Syrup (phosphorated [phosphoric acid] carbohydrates [dextrose, fructose] syrup)
  • Dramamine® (dimenhydrinate)
  • ginger tabs (ginger)
  • vitamin B-6 Take 25 mg four times a day.
  • Sea-Band®
  • Unisom® SleepTabs® (doxylamine succinate) Take one-half of 25 mg tablet and 25 mg of vitamin B-6 three to four times a day.

Diarrhea

 

 

  • Imodium® (loperamide)

 

 

 

 

 

Fever*

Yeast Infections

Hemorroids

  • Tylenol® (acetaminophen) Take 650 milligrams (mg) every 4 hours for temperature higher than 100.4 F. If you have a fever for 12 hours, call your health care provider
  • Gynazole-1® (butoconazole)
  • Gyne-Lotrimin® (clotrimazole)
  • Monistat® 7 vaginal cream (miconazole)
  • Anusol-HC® hemorrhoidal ointment or Preparation H® Hydrocortisone (hydrocortisone)
  • Preparation H® (phenylephrine, pramoxine, glycerin, petrolatum)
  • Tucks® pads (witch hazel)

 

IMPORTANT

* Avoid taking aspirin, Advil, Motrin, Ibuprofen, and Naprosyn.

 

Colds (upper respiratory infections)

A cold is an acute inflammation of the upper respiratory tract involving the nose and throat. Influenza is a viral respiratory infection that usually occurs in the winter months. For more information, see our Cold & Flu page.

Cough (alcohol-free syrup)

Sore Throat

Sinus, Congestion**

 

  • Vicks® Nature Fusion™ Cough (dextromethorphan hydrobromide)
  • Delsym® 12-Hour Extended-release Suspension (dextromethorphan polistirex) ˆ
  • Coricidin® HBP Chest Congestion and Cough
  • Adult Robitussin® Peak Cold Cough and Chest (dextromethorphan, guaifenesin)
  • Mucinex® (guaifenesin)
  • Cepacol® Maximum Strength Sore Throat Spray or Sucrets® lozenges (dyclonine hydrochloride)
  • Chloraseptic® lozenges (benzocaine) or spray (phenol) Do not take longer than 2 days.
  • Halls® or Robitussin® lozenges (menthol)
  • Vicks® lozenges with honey (dextromethorphan hydrobromide)
  • Chlor-Trimeton® (chlorpheniramine)
  • Coricidin® HBP Chest Congestion and Cough (dextromethorphan, guaifenesin)
  • Ocean Mist® nasal spray (saline [sodium chloride] nasal sprays)
  • Sudafed® (pseudoephedrine) Avoid in the first trimester.

 

IMPORTANT

** Do not use Dimerane, Dimetapp, or Drixoral during pregnancy. Avoid all products with phenylpropanolamine and phenylephrine.