Gynecologic Health — Fibroids

Fibroids (leiomyomas) are benign uterine tumors that grow out of the muscle layer of the uterus. They are common in women; up to 70% to 80% of women have been found to have them, although not all who have fibroids will have symptoms or require treatment. They range in size from microscopic to grapefruit-sized or larger. Women with multiple or large fibroids are more likely to have symptoms.

Common symptoms include heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, pelvic pressure (if fibroids are large or are pressing on adjacent organs such as the bladder or rectum), and infertility or problems with pregnancy. Fibroids are typically diagnosed by a physical exam and pelvic ultrasound. If symptomatic, they can be treated in a number of ways, including medications or surgical treatments.