Gynecologic Health — Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also commonly referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. If not diagnosed and treated early, some STIs can lead to serious complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), infertility, or chronic pelvic pain. Common STIs include gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, genital herpes, HIV/AIDS, syphilis, urethritis, genital warts, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

A person can be infected with an STI but have no symptoms or knowledge that they are infected. This is one of the reasons why STIs can spread so easily. Protecting yourself by practicing safe sex can help reduce the risk of becoming infected. 

There is a vaccine against some strains of human papillomavirus (HPV). It is a series of 3 shots and is available until age 26.


If a sexually transmitted infection is diagnosed, it is very important that any other sexual partners receive treatment, even if they do not have symptoms. If your sexual partner is infected but not treated, you risk becoming infected over and over again.